US Army Corps of Engineers
Portland District

For more information or to provide input during the scoping comment period, refer to information in the Your Role in NEPA section on this page. You can also email us or contact us via U.S. Mail at:

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
P.O. Box 2946
Portland, OR
97208-2946

or call us at 503-808-4510.

Port of Coos Bay's Proposed Channel Modification Project affected environment references list

The following is a preliminary list that is subject to change.

Alexander, D.B. and T.J. Koretsky. 1996. Seasonal Comparison of Fecal Coliform Concentrations in the Trask River and a Study of the Survival of Escherichia coil in Tillamook Bay Water. Final Report to the Tillamook Bay National Estuary Project, University of Portland, Portland, OR. Online at: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.880.755&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Armstrong, D.A., C. Rooper, and D. Gunderson. 2003. Estuarine Production of Juvenile Dungeness Crab (Cancer magister) and Contribution to the Oregon-Washington Coastal Fishery. Estuaries. 26(4B): 1174-1188. doi: 10.1007/BF02803372. Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/225167105_Estuarine_production_of_juvenile_Dungeness_crab_Cancer_magister_and_contribution_to_the_Oregon-Washington_coastal_fishery

Arneson, R.J. 1976. Seasonal Variation in Tidal Dynamics, Water Quality and Sediments in the Coos Bay Estuary. M.S. Thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. 250 p. https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/downloads/tb09j780w

Baker, P., N. Richmond, and N Terwilliger. 2000. Reestablishment of a Native Oyster, Ostrea conchaphila, Following a Natural Local Extinction. Marine Invasions - Proceedings of First National Conference, Sea Grant Program. Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/297088916_Reestablishment_of_a_native_oyster_Ostrea_conchaphila_following_a_natural_local_extinction

Baldwin, E.M., Beaulieu, J.D., Ramp, L., Gray, J.J., Newton, V. C., Jr., and Mason, R. S. 1973. Geology and Mineral Resources of Coos County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Bulletin 80. Online at: https://www.oregongeology.org/pubs/B/B-080.pdf

Baptista, A.M. 1989. Salinity in Coos Bay, Oregon Review of Historical Data (1930-1989). Report ESE-89-001, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Oregon Graduate Center. Online at: https://www.worldcat.org/title/salinity-in-coos-bay-oregon-review-of-historical-data-1930-1989/oclc/806316202

Beaulieu, J.D., and Hughes, P.W. 1975. Environmental Geology of Western Coos and Douglas Counties, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries, Bulletin 087. https://www.oregongeology.org/pubs/B/B-087.pdf

Borde, A.B., R.M. Thom, S.S. Rumrill, and L.M. Miller. 2003. Geospatial Habitat Change Analysis in Pacific Northwest Coastal Estuaries. Estuaries, 26(48), 1104-1116. doi: 10.1007/BF02803367. Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/227059049_Geospatial_habitat_change_analysis_in_Pacific_Northwest_Coastal_estuaries

Bottom, D. L., K. K. Jones, and J. D. Rodgers. 1988. Fish Community Structure, Standing Crop, And Production In Upper South Slough (Coos Bay), Oregon. Charleston, OR: South Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve. Online at: https://odfw.forestry.oregonstate.edu/freshwater/inventory/pdffiles/Coos%20Bay%20South%20Slough%20Fish%20Community%20Structure%201988.pdf

Breese, W.P. and W.Q. Wick. 1972. Oyster Farming: Culturing, Harvesting, and Processing a Product of the Pacific Coast Area. Oregon State University Sea Grant. Online at: https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/downloads/3j333315p

Brodeur, R.D., J.P. Fisher, R.L. Emmett, C.A. Morgan, and E. Casillas. 2005. Species Composition and Community Structure of Pelagic Nekton Off Oregon and Washington Under Variable Oceanographic Conditions. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 298: 41-57. Online at: https://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v298/p41-57/

Brown, R.F. and B.R. Mate. 1983. Abundance, Movements, and Feeding Habits of Harbor Seals, Phoca vitulina, at Netarts and Tillamook Bays, Oregon. Fishery Bulletin. 81(2): 291-301. Online at: https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/downloads/r494vk698

BST Associates (BST). 2015. Coos Bay Rail Line Rehabilitation and Coos Bay Rail Link Freight Rail Operations, 2014 Economic Impact Study - Final Draft. Online at: https://www.portofcoosbay.com/s/CBR-Economic-Impact-Study-Update-11-11-2015-Final.pdf

Carroll, J.C. and R.N. Winn. 1989. Species Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Pacific Southwest). Biological Report 82(11.117), USACE Technical Report TR EL-82-4. Online at: https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a225229.pdf

Case, G.B. 1983. The History of the Port of Coos Bay 1852-1952. Pan American University, Edinburg, TX. Online at: http://soda2.sou.edu/awdata/071011a1.pdf

Choi, B. 1975. Pollution and Tidal Flushing Predictions for Oregon’s Estuaries. M.S. Thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. 163 p. Online at: https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/db78tf26w

City of Coos Bay. 2010. Comprehensive Plan 2000, Updated June 2010. Coos Bay City Council. Online at: http://coosbay.org/uploads/PDF/Community%20Development/Comp%20Plan/Comprehensive_Plan_2000_(Updated_June_2010).pdf

City of Coos Bay. 2014. Biological Evaluation Coos Bay Wastewater Treatment Plant No. 2 Expansion and Upgrade Project, City of Coos Bay, Oregon. Online at: http://dbwt.us/cbnswwtp/E4-CH2M-Hill-Biological-Evaluation-Coos-Bay-WWTP-2.pdf

Coast Survey Offfice (CSO). 1865. Koos Bay Oregon, From a Trigonometrical Survey under the Direction of A.D. Bache, Superintendent of the Survey of the Coast of the United States. Online at: https://www.geographicus.com/P/AntiqueMap/KoosBayOregon-uscs-1865

Condit, R. and B.J. LeBoeuf. 1984. Feeding Habits and Feeding Grounds of the Northern Elephant Seal. Journal of Mammalogy. 65(2): 281-290. doi: 10.2307/1381167. Online at: https://academic.oup.com/jmammal/article-abstract/65/2/281/869324?redirectedFrom=fulltext

Coos Bay-North Bend Water Board (CB-NBWB). 2017. Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2-16-2017. Online at: http://cbnbh2o.com/about/reports/water-quality

Coos Bay-North Bend Water Board (CB-NBWB). 2017a. Consumer Confidence Report. Online at: http://cbnbh2o.com/about/reports/water-quality

Coos County Comprehensive Plan (CCCP). 1985. Coos County Comprehensive Plan, Volume 1, Part 1.  Online at: http://www.co.coos.or.us/Portals/0/Planning/Vol%201%20Part%201%20CCP.pdf?ver=2015-05-19-132047-017

Coos County Planning Department (CCPD). 2010. Land Use and Development in Coos County. Coos County Planning Staff and Board of Commissioners. Online at: http://www.co.coos.or.us/Portals/0/Planning/Guide%20to%20Land%20Use%20in%20Coos%20County%20Final.pdf

Coos County Planning Department (CCPD). 1984. Coos County Comprehensive Plan, Volume II. Coos Bay Estuary Management Plan, Part 2, Inventories and Factual Base. Online at: https://www.northbendoregon.us/sites/default/files/fileattachments/public_works/page/2721/cbemp_vol._ii_pt._2_inventories_factual_base_searchable.pdf

Coos Planning Workshop (CPW). 2016. Coos Bay Goal 16 Estuary Management Plan Assessment. Community Service Center, Department of Planning, Public Policy, and Management, University of Oregon. Online at: http://www.co.coos.or.us/Portals/0/Planning/CBEMP%20Goal%2016%20Audit.pdf?ver=2017-09-06-084340-243

Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). 2011. Assessment and Status Report on the Olympia Oyster Ostrea lurida in Canada. Online at: http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/virtual_sara/files/cosewic/sr_olympia_oyster_0911_eng.pdf

Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ). 1997. Environmental Justice Guidance Under the National Environmental Policy Act. Executive Office of the President. Washington, D.C. Online at: http://www.energy.gov/sites/prod/files/nepapub/nepa_documents/RedDont/G-CEQ-EJGuidance.pdf.

Cowardin, L.M., V. Carter, F.C. Golet, and E.T. LaRoe. 1977. Operational Draft -- Classification of Wetlands and Deepwater Habitats of the United States. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Published as final in Dec. 1979. https://www.fws.gov/wetlands/documents/classification-of-wetlands-and-deepwater-habitats-of-the-united-states.pdf

Curtis, D.L. and I.J. McGaw. 2012. Salinity and Thermal Preference of Dungeness Crabs in the Lab and In the Field: Effects Of Food Availability And Starvation. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 413: 113-120. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2011.12.005. Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/256752103_Salinity_and_thermal_preference_of_Dungeness_crabs_in_the_lab_and_in_the_field_Effects_of_food_availability_and_starvation

Dalton, M.M., K.D. Dello, L. Hawkins, P.W. Mote, and D.E. Rupp. 2017. The Third Oregon Climate Assessment Report. Oregon Climate Change Research Institute, College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. Online at: http://www.occri.net/media/1042/ocar3_final_125_web.pdf

Dean Runyan Associates. 2017. Oregon Travel Impacts 1992-2016. Prepared for the Oregon Tourism Commission. Online at: http://industry.traveloregon.com/content/uploads/2017/05/ORTravelImpacts2016.pdf

Dumbauld, B.R., D.A. Armstrong, and T.L. McDonald. 1993. Use of Oyster Shell to Enhance Intertidal Habitat and Mitigate Loss of Dungeness Crab (Cancer magister) Caused by Dredging. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 50(2): 381-390. doi: 10.1139/f93-043. Online at: http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/f93-043

Everett, R.A., G.M. Ruiz, and J.T. Carlton. 1995. Effect of Oyster Mariculture on Submerged Aquatic Vegetation: An Experimental Test in a Pacific Northwest Estuary. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 125: 205-217. Online at: https://www.int-res.com/articles/meps/125/m125p205.pdf

Executive Office of the President (Executive Order). 1994. Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Population and Low-Income Populations. Executive Order 12898, 59 Fed. Reg. 7629.  Online at: https://www.archives.gov/federal-register/executive-orders/pdf/12898.pdf.

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). 2018. FAA Airport Master Record for OTH, Form 5010. Online at: http://www.gcr1.com/5010web/airport.cfm?Site=OTH

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). 2013. FEMA Flood Zone Change Map, City of Coos Bay, Coos County, Oregon. OPEN-FILE REPORT O-10-13. Online at: https://www.oregongeology.org/pubs/ofr/p-O-10-12to18.htm

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). 2015. Jordan Cove Energy and Pacific Connector Gas Pipeline Project, FERC/EIS 0256F. DOE Docket No. FE 12-32-LNG, DOE/EIS-0489. Online at: https://www.ferc.gov/industries/gas/enviro/eis/2015/09-30-15-eis.asp

Frimodig, A.J., M.C. Horeczko, M.W. Prall, T.J. Mason, B.C. Owens, and S.P. Wertz. 2009. Review of the California Trawl Fishery for Pacific Ocean Shrimp, Pandalus jordani, from 1992 to 2007. Marine Fisheries Review, 71(2). Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/277116663_Review_of_the_California_Trawl_Fishery_for_Pacific_Ocean_Shrimp_Pandalus_jordani_from_1992_to_2007

Furman, N. 2001. The Dungeness Crab Fishery: A Historical Perspective. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults: Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA. Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001. Online at: https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/downloads/qr46r158w

Gearin, P.J., S.R. Melin, R.L. DeLong, M.E. Gosho, and S.J. Jeffries. 2017. Migration Patterns of Adult Male California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus). U.S. Dep. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-AFSC-346, 29. doi: 10.7289/V5/TM-AFSC-346. Online at: https://www.afsc.noaa.gov/publications/AFSC-TM/NOAA-TM-AFSC-346.pdf

Goldstein, T., S.P. Johnson, A.V. Phillips, K.D. Hanni, D.A. Fauquier, and F.M.D. Gulland, 1999. Human-related Injuries Observed In Live Stranded Pinnipeds Along the Central California Coast 1986-1998. Aquatic Mammals. 25(1): 43-51. Online at: https://www.aquaticmammalsjournal.org/share/AquaticMammalsIssueArchives/1999/AquaticMammals_25-01/25-01_Johnson.pdf

Graybill, M.R. 1981. Haul Out Patterns and Diet of Harbor Seals, Phoca vitulina, in Coos County, Oregon. Unpublished M.S. Thesis, University of Oregon, Eugene. 55 pp. Online at: https://scholarsbank.uoregon.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1794/9235/Graybill.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Graybill, M. 2008. Letter from M. Graybill to E. Bluhm, Scoping Comments on USACE Notice of Intent to Prepare a Draft Feasibility Study and Environmental Impact Statement for Modification of the Coos Bay Navigational Channel, Coos County, OR. Oregon Department of State Lands, South Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve.  Dated 15 February 2008.

Green, G.A., J.J. Brueggeman, C.E. Bowlby, R.A. Grotefendt, M.L. Bonnell, and K.T. Balcomb. 1991. Cetacean Distribution and Abundance off Oregon and Washington, 1989-1990. Final Report prepared by Ebasco Environmental, Bellevue, WA, and Ecological Consulting, Inc., Portland, OR for the Minerals Management Service, Pacific OCS Region, OCS Study MMS 91-0093.

Greig, D.J., F.M.D. Gulland, and C. Krueder. 2005. A Decade of Live California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus) Strandings Along the Central California Coast: Causes and Trends, 1991-2000. Aquatic Mammals. 31(1): 11-22. doi: 10.1578/AM.31.1.2005.11. Online at: http://www.marinemammalcenter.org/assets/pdfs/vetsci-stranding/scientific-contributions/2005/greig-2005-causes-of-a-decade.pdf

Groth, S. and S. Rumrill. 2009. History of Olympia Oysters (Ostrea lurida Carpenter 1864) in Oregon Estuaries, and a Description of Recovering Populations in Coos Bay. Journal of Shellfish Research, 28(1): 51-58. Online at: https://olis.leg.state.or.us/liz/2015I1/Downloads/CommitteeMeetingDocument/89700

Groth, S. 2018. Shellfish Biologist, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Charleston, OR. Personal communication to D. Ludwig, David Miller and Associates.

Harvey, J.T., R.F. Brown, and B.R. Mate. 1990. Abundance and Distribution of Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina) in Oregon, 1975-1983. Northwestern Naturalist. 71(3): 65-71. doi: 10.2307/3536774. Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/271782251_Abundance_and_Distribution_of_Harbor_Seals_Phoca_vitulina_in_Oregon_1975-1983 

Hiebert, T.C. 2015. Clinocardium nuttallii, Leukoma staminea, Saxidomus giganetus, Tresus capax. In: Oregon Estuarine Invertebrates: Rudys' Illustrated Guide to Common Species, 3rd ed. T.C. Hiebert, B.A. Butler and A.L. Shanks (eds.). University of Oregon Libraries and Oregon Institute of Marine Biology, Charleston, OR. Online at: https://scholarsbank.uoregon.edu/xmlui/handle/1794/18839

Hodder J, R. Brown, and C. Cziesla. 1998. The Northern Elephant Seal in Oregon: A Pupping Range Extension and Onshore Occurrence. Marine Mammal Science 14: 873–881. Online at: https://oimb.uoregon.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Mirounga-1998-MMS.pdf

Hoffnagle, J. and R. Olson. 1974. Salt Marshes of the Coos Bay Estuary. Oregon Institute of Marine Biology, Charleston, OR. Online at: https://scholarsbank.uoregon.edu/xmlui/handle/1794/3825

Holsman, K.K., P.S. McDonald, and D.A. Armstrong. 2006. Intertidal Migration and Habitat Use By Subadult Dungeness Crab Cancer magister in a NE Pacific Estuary. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 308: 183-195. doi: 10.3354/meps308183. Online at: https://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v308/p183-195/

Hopkins, W.S. 1967. Palynology and its Paleoecological Application in the Coos Bay Area, Oregon. ORE BIN Vol. 29, No. 9. Online at: https://www.oregongeology.org/pubs/og/OBv29n09.pdf

Huber, H.R., S.J. Jeffries, R.F. Brown, R.L. DeLong, and G.VanBlaricom. 2001. Correcting Aerial Survey Counts of Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina richardsi) in Washington and Oregon. Marine Mammal Science. 17(2): 276-293. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2001.tb01271.x Online at: https://eurekamag.com/pdf/010/010389240.pdf

Huppert, D.D., R.L. Johnson, J. Leahy, and K. Bell. 2003. Interactions between Human Communities and Estuaries in the Pacific Northwest: Trends and Implications for Management, Estuaries: 26(4): 994-109. doi: 10.1007/BF02803359. Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/226848563_Interactions_between_human_communities_and_estuaries_in_the_Pacific_Northwest_Trends_and_implications_for_management

Jameson, R.J. 1975. An Evaluation of Attempts to Reestablish the Sea Otter in Oregon. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Oregon State University. 66 pp. Online at: https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/6t053j592

Jordan Cove LNG (JCLNG). 2017. Resource Report No. 8, Land Use, Recreation, and Aesthetics. Final Visual Impact Assessment Report. Document Number: J1-000-REG-RPT-DEA-00001-00. Online at: https://www.jordancovelng.com/pdf/FERC-Filing-Public-Only/JCEP/Volume-II-Public/RR8/2.8.1-JCEP-RR8-Narrative-and-Appendices.pdf

Jordan Cove LNG (JCLNG). 2017a. Resource Report No. 5, Socioeconomics. Online at: https://www.jordancovelng.com/_literature_148232/Draft_JCEP_Resource_Report_5

Jordan Cove LNG (JCLNG). 2017b. Resource Report No. 3, Fish, Wildlife, and Vegetation. Online at: https://www.jordancovelng.com/pdf/FERC-Filing-Public-Only/JCEP/Volume-II-Public/RR3/2.3.1-JCEP-RR3-Txt-and-Apps.pdf

Kaldy, J.E. 2006. Production Ecology of the Non-Indigenous Seagrass, Dwarf Eelgrass (Zostera japonica Ascher. & Graeb.), in a Pacific Northwest Estuary, USA. Hydrobiologia, 553, 201-217. doi: 10.1007/s10750-005-5764-z . Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/225520919_Production_Ecology_of_the_Non-indigenous_Seagrass_Dwarf_Eelgrass_Zostera_japonica_Ascher_Graeb_in_a_Pacific_Northwest_Estuary_USA

Klamath Bird Observatory. 2010. Oregon Coordinated Aquatic Bird Monitoring: Description of Important Aquatic Bird Site, Coos Bay, BCS No. 47-8. Online at: https://www.avianknowledgenorthwest.net/images/aknw/pdfs_site_descriptions/west_side_2009/coosbay.pdf

Komar, P.D., J.C. Allan, and P. Ruggiero. 2011. Sea Level Variations Along the U.S. Pacific Northwest Coast: Tectonic and Climate Controls. Journal of Coastal Research, 27(5), 808–823. West Palm Beach (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208. Online at: http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-10-00116.1

Krutzikowsky, G.K. and R.L. Emmett. 2005. Diel Differences in Surface Trawl Fish Catches Off Oregon and Washington. Fisheries Research. 71: 365-371. doi: 10.1016/j.fishres.2004.08.037 . Online at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165783604002309

Larsen, E., J. Schmitt, C. Cornu, H. McDonald, and C. Burch Johnson. 2015. Partnership for Coastal Watersheds, Lands and Waterways, Chapter 11: Vegetation in the Lower Coos Watershed. South Slough National Estuary Research Reserve (NERR), Charleston. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/vegetation-in-the-lower-coos-watershed/

Le Boeuf, B.J., P.A. Morris, S.B. Blackwell, D.E. Crocker, and D.P Costa. 1996. Diving Behavior of Juvenile Northern Elephant Seals. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 74: 1632-1644. doi:10.1139/z96-181. Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Daniel_Costa9/publication/279783785_Diving_behavior_of_juvenile_northern_elephant_seals/links/55f1c85b08ae199d47c475fc/Diving-behavior-of-juvenile-northern-elephant-seals.pdf

Le Boeuf, B.J., D.E. Crocker, D.P. Costa, S.B. Blackwell, P.M. Webb, and D.S. Houser. 2000. Foraging Ecology of Northern Elephant Seals. Ecological Monographs. 70(3): 353-382. Online at: https://docs.rwu.edu/fcas_fp/88/

Leonard, L.J., C.A. Currie, S.Mazzotti, and R.D. Hyndman. 2010. Rupture Area and Displacement of Past Cascadia Great Earthquakes from Coastal Coseismic Subsidence. Geological Society of America Bulletin 122. Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/256373449_Rupture_area_and_displacement_of_past_Cascadia_great_earthquakes_from_coastal_coseismic_subsidence

Madin, I.P., G.W. McInelly, and H.M. Kelsey. 1995. Geologic Map of the Charleston Quadrangle, Coos County. Oregon: State of Oregon Geological Map, Series GMS-94. Online at: https://digital.osl.state.or.us/islandora/object/osl:780

Marine Mammal Center (MMC). 2018. Northern Fur Seal, Animal Classification. Online at: http://www.marinemammalcenter.org/education/marine-mammal-information/pinnipeds/northern-fur-seal/

Maser, C., B.R. Mate, J.F. Franklin, and C.T. Dyrness, C.T. 1981. Natural History of Oregon Coast Mammals. General Technical Report PNW-133, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, U.S. Forest Service. Online at: https://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/pubs/5015

McDonald, J.H. and Koehn, R.K. 1988. The Mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis and M. trossulus on the Pacific Coast of North America. Marine Biology. 99: 111-118.  Online at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00644984

Muniz, E.C., S.A. Jacob, and M.M. Helm. 1986. Condition Index, Meat Yield, and Biochemical Composition of Crassostrea brasiliana and Crassostrea gigas Grown in Cabo Frio, Brazil. Aquaculture, 59: 235-250. doi: 10.1016/0044-8486(86)90006-2. Online at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0044848686900062

National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). 1990. A Preliminary Survey of Benthic Invertebrates in the Vicinity of the Coos Bay, Oregon, Navigation Channel. Coastal Zone and Estuarine Studies Division, Northwest Fisheries Center. Online at: https://www.nwfsc.noaa.gov/assets/26/8884_10122016_133748_Miller.et.al.1990.pdf

National Marine Fishery Service (NMFS). 2009. Commercial Fisheries Statistics Data Caveats. Online at: https://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/commercial-fisheries/commercial-landings/data-caveats/index

National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). 2009. Designation of Critical Habitat For The Threatened Southern Distinct Population Segment of North American Green Sturgeon: Final Biological Report. Prepared by National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Region, Long Beach, CA. Online at: https://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/publications/protected_species/other/green_sturgeon/g_s_critical_habitat/gschd_final4b2rpt.pdf

National Marine Fishery Service (NMFS). 2010. Biological Opinion; Endangered Species Act Section 7 Formal Consultation and Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act Essential Fish Habitat Consultation for the Corps Maintenance Dredging Program for the Oregon Coastal Projects. NMDA No: NWR-2009-01756. Online at: https://pcts.nmfs.noaa.gov/pcts-web/dispatcher/trackable/NWR-2009-1756

National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). 2010a. Status Review Update for Eulachon in Washington, Oregon, and California. January 21. Online at: https://repository.library.noaa.gov/view/noaa/3734/noaa_3734_DS1.pdf?

National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). 2013. Southern Resident Killer Whale Satellite Tagging. January 31 Update. Online at: http://www.nwfsc.noaa.gov/research/divisions/cbd/marine_mammal/satellite_tagging.cfm 

National Marine Fishery Service (NMFS). 2016. Status Review Update of Eulachon (Thaleichthys pacificus) Listed Under the Endangered Species Act: Southern Distinct Population Segment. Online at: https://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/publications/status_reviews/other_species/eulachon/eulachon_2016_status_review_update.pdf

National Marine Fishery Service (NMFS). 2016a. Southern Resident Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. West Coast Region, Seattle, WA. Online at: https://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/publications/status_reviews/marine_mammals/kw-review-2016.pdf

National Marine Fishery Service (NMFS). 2017. Endangered Species Act Section 7(a)(2) Biological Opinion, Letter of Concurrence, and Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act Essential Fish Habitat Response for the Reinitiation of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Operations and Maintenance Dredging of the Oregon Coastal Navigation Projects. NMFS No: WRC-2016-5055. Online at: https://pcts.nmfs.noaa.gov/pcts-web/dispatcher/trackable/WCR-2016-5055?overrideUserGroup=PUBLIC&referer=%2fpcts-web%2fpublicAdvancedQuery.pcts%3fsearchAction%3dSESSION_SEARCH

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 1971. Coos Bay Nautical Chart, Chart Number 5984. National Ocean Survey. Online at: https://historicalcharts.noaa.gov/historicals/preview/image/5984-3-1971

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 1997. The History, Present Condition, and Future of the Molluscan Fisheries of North and Central America and Europe. Volume 2, Pacific Coast and Supplemental Topics. National Marine Fisheries Technical Report 128.  Online at: http://aquaticcommons.org/2687/1/tr128opt.pdf

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 1999. A Report of the Oregon, California and Washington Line-Transect Experiment (ORCAWALE) Conducted in West Coast Waters during Summer/Fall 1996. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS Southwest Fisheries Science Center 264. Online at: https://swfsc.noaa.gov/publications/TM/SWFSC/NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-264.PDF

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 2007. Preliminary Estimates of Cetacean Abundance along the U.S. West Coast and within four National Marine Sanctuaries during 2005. Forney, K.A. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS Southwest Fisheries Science Center 406. Online at: https://swfsc.noaa.gov/publications/TM/SWFSC/NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-406.PDF

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 2013. Environmental Assessment, for the Approval of a Routine Program Change to Incorporate the Revised Coos County Comprehensive Plan and Coos County Zoning and Land Development Ordinance into the Oregon Coastal Management Program. OR-2013-3. Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management. Online at: https://coast.noaa.gov/czm/media/finalearoutineprogramchangeorcmp.pdf

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 2016. Commercial Fisheries Statistics, Pacific Oyster. National Marine Fisheries Service. Online at: https://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/commercial-fisheries/commercial-landings/annual-landings/index

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 2016. National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: National Climate Report for Annual 2017. Online at: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/national/201513

NOAA Fisheries. 2002. HARBOR PORPOISE (Phocoena phocoena): Northern California/Southern Oregon Stock. Online at: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/webdam/download/70105400

NOAA Fisheries. 2013. Status Review of the Eastern Distinct Population Segment of Steller Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus). 144pp + Appendices. Protected Resources Division, Alaska Region, Juneau, Alaska. Online at: https://repository.library.noaa.gov/view/noaa/16214/noaa_16214_DS1.pdf?

NOAA Fisheries. 2013a. Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan for the Eastern Distinct Population Segment of Steller Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus). National Marine Fisheries Service, Protected Resources Division, Alaska Region, Juneau, Alaska. Online at: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/resource/document/status-review-and-post-delisting-monitoring-plan-eastern-distinct-population

NOAA Fisheries. 2014. Marine Mammal Stock Assessment Reports by Species/Stock, Harbor Seal (Phoca vitulina richardii): Oregon/Washington Coast Stock. Online at: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/webdam/download/76004329

NOAA Fisheries. 2014a. HARBOR PORPOISE (Phocoena phocoena): Northern California/Southern Oregon Stock. Online at: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/webdam/download/70105410

NOAA Fisheries. 2015. Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga angustirostris). Online at: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/mammals/seals/northern-elephant-seal.html 

NOAA Fisheries. 2015a. California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus): U.S. Stock. Online at: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/sars/pdf/stocks/pacific/2014/po2014_ca_sea_lion-us.pdf

NOAA Fisheries. 2015b. Northern Fur Seal (Callorhinus ursinus): U.S. Stock. Online at: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/mammals/seals/northern-fur-seal.html

NOAA Fisheries. 2015c. GRAY WHALE (Eschrichtius robustus): Eastern North Pacific Stock. Online at: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/webdam/download/70078786

NOAA Fisheries. 2016. Steller Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus): Eastern U.S. Stock. Online at: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/sars/pdf/stocks/alaska/2016/ak2016_ssl-eastern.pdf

NOAA Fisheries. 2018. Northern Elephant Seal, Species Overview. Online at: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/species/northern-elephant-seal#overview

NOAA Fisheries. 2018a. California Sea Lion, Species Overview. Online at: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/species/california-sea-lion

Northwest Regional Sediment Evaluation Team (RSET). 2018. Sediment Evaluation Framework for the Pacific Northwest. Prepared by the RSET Agencies, May 2018, 183 pp plus appendices. Online at: https://usace.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/api/collection/p16021coll11/id/2548/download

Nunez, J.D. 1988. The Fishery Biology of the Weathervane Scallop [Pecten (Patinopecten) caurinus Gould, 1850] in Oregon Coastal Waters. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. Oregon State University. Online at: https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/downloads/jw827g03c

O’Neill, M.A. 2014. Seasonal Hydrography and Hypoxia of Coos Bay, Oregon. Masters Thesis, University of Oregon Graduate School. Online at: https://scholarsbank.uoregon.edu/xmlui/handle/1794/18521

Ono, K.A., D.J. Boness, and O.T. Ofteda. 1987. The Effect of a Natural Environmental Disturbance On Maternal Investment and Pup Behavior in The California Sea Lion. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 21: 109-118 doi: 10.1007/PL00020234. Online at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/4600064?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Oregon Department of Agriculture (ODA). 2014. Shellfish Growing Area Annual Review, Coos Bay. Food Safety Division, Shellfish Sanitation Program. Online at: http://dbwt.us/cbnswwtp/B18_ODA_Shellfish_Growing_Area_Annual_Review_2013-2014.pdf

Oregon Department of Agriculture (ODA). 2014a. Shellfish Biotoxin Info. Food Safety Program. Online at: https://www.oregon.gov/ODA/shared/Documents/Publications/FoodSafety/ShellfishBiotoxinInfo.pdf

Oregon Department of Agriculture (ODA). 2018. 2017 Shellfish Plat Production Annual Report. Online at: https://www.oregon.gov/ODA/shared/Documents/Publications/NaturalResources/AnnualShellfishProductionReport.pdf

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). 1983. Coos Bay Drainage Basin Water Quality Report. E.A. Glendening and J.E. Jackson. Online at: https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/defaults/jm214t322

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). 2003. National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit Evaluation and Fact Sheet, City of Coos Bay/STP #2 NPDES Renewal Evaluation Report. Salem, Oregon. Online at: https://www.deq.state.or.us/wqpr/342_200912080001bCS01.PDF

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). 2012. Oregon 2010 Integrated Report, Water Quality Division. Online at: https://www.oregon.gov/deq/wq/Pages/WQ-Assessment.aspx

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). 2013 South Coast Basin Water Quality Status and Action Plan.  Online at: https://www.oregon.gov/deq/FilterDocs/BasinSCoastWARep.pdf

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). 2014. Oregon 2012 Integrated Report Assessment Databast and 303(d) List, Water Quality Division. Online at: https://www.deq.state.or.us/wq/assessment/rpt2012/search.asp

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). 2018. Location Selection and Rationale for the 30 New Particulate Monitoring Sites. Air Quality Monitoring Section. Online at: https://www.oregon.gov/deq/FilterDocs/aqmLoc30newsites.pdf

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 1977. The Dungeness Crab Fishery in Oregon Estuaries. 13 pp. Online at: https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/downloads/5712m7334

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife(ODFW).1978. Oregon’s Oyster Resources, Industry and Management. Online at: https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/downloads/4m90dw143

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 1979. Natural Resources of Coos Bay Estuary, Estuary Inventory Report. Vol. 2, No. 6. Online at: https://scholarsbank.uoregon.edu/xmlui/handle/1794/3822

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 1979a. Habitat Classification and Inventory Methods for the Management of Oregon Estuaries. Estuary Inventory Report, Vol. 1. Online at: https://odfw.forestry.oregonstate.edu/freshwater/inventory/pdffiles/Habitat%20Classification%20and%20Inventory%20Methods%20for%20Oregon%20estuaries.pdf

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife(ODFW). 2006. History and Status of Oregon’s Pacific Razor Clam Resource. Fish Division, Information Reports Number 2000-06. Online at: https://www.dfw.state.or.us/mrp/publications/docs/razorclams2000%2006.pdf

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife(ODFW). 2006a. Oregon Native Fish Status Report - Volume II, Southern and Northern Green Sturgeon. Online at: https://www.dfw.state.or.us/fish/onfsr/docs/final/11-other/methods-green-sturgeon.pdf

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 2012. The Oregon Recreational Dungeness Crab Fishery, 2007-2011. Ainsworth, J.C., Vance, M., Hunter, M.V., & Schindler, E. ODFW Information Reports Number 2012-04. Online at: https://www.dfw.state.or.us/MRP/shellfish/docs/2012-04.pdf

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 2013. Featured Shellfish – Scallops. Online at: https://www.dfw.state.or.us/mrp/shellfish/other/scallops.asp  

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 2013a. Oregon’s Commercial Fishing Industry, Year 2011 and 2012 Review. Prepared for ODFW and Oregon Coastal Zone Management Association by The Research Group, L.L.C. Online at: https://www.oregonmarinereserves.com/content/uploads/2017/12/OR-Comm-Fish-Industry-Report-2011-and-2012.pdf

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 2014. Status of Oregon Bay Clam Fisheries, Stock Assessment, and Research. Online at: https://www.dfw.state.or.us/mrp/publications/docs/Bay%20Clam%20Status%20Report.pdf

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 2014a. Coos Bay Crabbing and Clamming Detailed Spatial Data. Information Report Number 2014-09: Status of Oregon Bay Clam Fisheries, Stock Assessment and Research. Online at: https://nrimp.dfw.state.or.us/DataClearinghouse/default.aspx?p=202&XMLname=1128.xml

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 2016. Oregon Commercial Dungeness Crab Landings by Port Group for the 2014-15 Season, Updated January 13, 2016. Online at: https://digital.osl.state.or.us/islandora/object/osl%3A55118

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 2016a. Oregon Commercial Dungeness Crab Preliminary Landings by Port Group for the 2015-16 Season, Updated Sept. 13, 2016. Online at: https://digital.osl.state.or.us/islandora/object/osl:77965

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW).2017. Oregon Commercial Dungeness Crab Preliminary Landings by Port Group for the 2016-17 Season, Prepared March 10, 2017. Online at: https://www.dfw.state.or.us/MRP/shellfish/commercial/crab/docs/2015-16%20Crab%20Season%20update.pdf

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 2018. Marine Zone Regulations. Online at http://www.eregulations.com/oregon/17orfw/marine-zone

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 2018a. Seals and Sea Lions. Online at: https://myodfw.com/wildlife-viewing/species/seals-and-sea-lions

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 2018b. Oregon Commercial Dungeness Crab Preliminary Landings by Port Group for the 2017-18 Season. Online at: https://www.dfw.state.or.us/MRP/shellfish/commercial/crab/docs/2017_18_crab_Season_update.pdf

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 2018c. 29th Annual Pink Shrimp Review. Marine Resources Program. Online at: https://www.dfw.state.or.us/MRP/shellfish/commercial/shrimp/docs/29th_APSR_2018.pdf

Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI). 2012. Tsunami Evacuation Map Coos Bay Peninsula, Oregon. Online at: https://www.oregongeology.org/pubs/tsubrochures/CoosBayEvac.pdf

Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI). 2012a. Local Source (Cascadia Subduction Zone) Tsunami Inundation Map, Coos Bay - North Bend, Oregon. Tsunami Inundation Map Coos-05, Plate 1. Online at: https://www.oregongeology.org/pubs/tim/Coos05_CoosBayNorthBend_Plate1_onscreen.pdf

Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development (DLCD). 1987. The Oregon Estuary Plan Book. Online at: https://digital.osl.state.or.us/islandora/object/osl:4067

Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development (DLCD). 2010. Oregon’s Statewide Planning Goals & Guidelines. Online at: http://www.oregon.gov/LCD/docs/goals/compilation_of_statewide_planning_goals.pdf

Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT). 2018. Traffic Flow Map 2017, Oregon State Highway System, Volumes Shown are All Vehicle Annual Average Daily Traffic. Online at: https://www.oregon.gov/ODOT/Data/Documents/TVT_2017.pdf

Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT). 2018a. Oregon State Highway Vehicle Miles Traveled by County. Online at: https://www.oregon.gov/ODOT/Data/documents/VMT_County.xls

Oregon Dungeness Crab Commission (ODCC). 2017. Oregon Dungeness Crab Fishery Bioeconomic Model: A Fishery Interactive Simulator Learning Tool. Davis, S., Sylvia, G., Yochum, N., & Cusack, C. Online at: http://oregondungeness.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/ODCC-crab-model-report-ver.-5.7.pdf

Oregon International Port of Coos Bay (OIPCB). 2018. About the Railroad, Coos Bay Rail Line. Accessed Online at: https://www.portofcoosbay.com/about-the-railroad

Orr, A.J., A.S. Banks, S. Mellman, H.R. Huber, R.L. DeLong, and R.F. Brown. 2004. Examination of the Foraging Habits of Pacific Harbor Seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi) to Describe their Use of the Umpqua River, Oregon, and their predation on salmonids. Fishery Bulletin, 102(1): 108-117. Online at: https://spo.nmfs.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/pdf-content/2004/1021/orr.pdf

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2014. Geographic Features of the Coos Estuary and Lower Coos Watershed. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/geographic-features-of-the-coos-estuary-and-lower-coos-watershed/

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2014a. Bacteria in the Coos Estuary. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/bacteria-in-the-coos-estuary/

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2014b. Native Oysters in the Coos Estuary. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/clamsNative-Oysters-Data-Summary-08112014.pdf

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2014c. Water Quality in the Coos Estuary and Lower Coos Watershed: Physical Factors. On line at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/WQ-Physical-Factors-Data-Summary-092320141.pdf

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2014d. Lamprey in the Coos Estuary. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/FINAL-Lamprey-Data-Summary-03122014.pdf

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2015. Lower Coos Watershed Meteorology. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/lower-coos-watershed-meteorology/

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2015a. Water Quality in the Coos Estuary and Lower Coos Watershed: Physical Factors. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/water-quality-in-the-coos-estuary-and-lower-coos-watershed-physical-factors/

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2015b. Geographic Features of the Coos Estuary and the Lower Coos Watershed. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/FINAL-Geographic-Features-Data-Summary.pdf

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2015c. Aquatic Birds in the Lower Coos Watershed. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/aquatic-birds-in-the-lower-coos-watershed/

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2015d. A Very Brief Overview of the Coos Bay Area’s Economic and Cultural History. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/CommCultural-History-Chapter-08142015.pdf

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2015e. Chapter 8: Physical Description of the Coos Estuary and Lower Coos Watershed; Geographic Features of the Lower Coos Watershed. Pp 8-25 to 8-35. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/FINAL-Geographic-Features-Data-Summary.pdf

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2015f. Rare and Endangered Plants in the Coos Estuary; Vegetation in the Lower Coos Watershed. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/rare-and-endangered-plants-in-the-coos-estuary/

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2015g. Seagrasses and Algae in the Lower Coos Watershed. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/seagrasses-and-algae-in-the-lower-coos-watershed/

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2015h. Sturgeon in the Coos Estuary. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Sturgeon-Data-Summary-.pdf

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2015i. Other Crabs in the Coos Estuary. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/other-crabs-in-the-coos-estuary/

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2015j. Other Fishes in the Coos Estuary. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/other-fishes-in-the-coos-estuary/

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2015k. Sustainability Tools for Assessing and Rating (STAR) Communities Report for the Coos Bay Area. Wright, E. & Sounder, J. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/community-evaluation/

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2016. Tidal Wetland Vegetation in the Lower Coos Watershed. South Slough. On line at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/tidal-wetland-vegetation-in-the-lower-coos-watershed/.

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2016a. Non-native and Invasive Plants in the Lower Coos Watershed. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/FINAL-Invasive-Veg-09152016.pdf

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2016b. Non-native and Invasive Vertebrates in the Lower Coos Watershed. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/FINAL-Invasive-Vertebrates-10282016.pdf

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2016c. Zoning and Land Use. Sounder, J. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/zoning-and-land-use/

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2017. Chapter 6: Jobs and Employment. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/FINAL_Jobs20171002-Copy.pdf

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2017a. Chapter 4: Community Demographics: Population and Housing. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/FINAL-PopDemo20170726_web.pdf

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2017b. Salmonids in the Lower Coos Watershed. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Salmonid-Data-Summary-11132014.pdf

Partnership for Coastal Watersheds (PCW). 2017c. Invasive and Non-native Aquatic Invertebrates in the Lower Coos Watershed. Online at: http://www.partnershipforcoastalwatersheds.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/FINAL-Invasive-Aquatic-Invert_lowres.pdf

Pearson, J.P. 1969. The Abundance and Distribution of Harbor Seals and Steller Sea Lions in Oregon. M.S. Thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis. Online at: https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/downloads/qz20sv973

Peteiro, L.G. and A.L. Shanks. 2015. Up and Down or How to Stay in the Bay: Retentive Strategies of Olympia Oyster Larvae in a Shallow Estuary. Marine Ecology Progress Series. Doi:10.3354/meps11283. 530:103-117. Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/277579406_Up_and_down_or_how_to_stay_in_the_bay_Retentive_strategies_of_Olympia_oyster_larvae_in_a_shallow_estuary

Pitcher, K.W., P.F. Olesiuk, R.F. Brown, M.S. Lowry, S.J. Jeffries, J.L. Sease, W.L. Perryman, C.E. Stinchcomb, and L.F. Lowry. 2007. Abundance and Distribution of the Eastern North Pacific Steller Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus) Population. Fishery Bulletin 105(1): 102-115. Online at: http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=AV2012091720

Pritchard, C., A. Shanks, R. Rimler, M. Oates, and S. Rumrill. 2015. The Olympia Oyster Ostrea lurida: Recent Advances in Natural History, Ecology, and Restoration. Journal of Shellfish Research. 34(2): 259-271. doi: 10.2983/035.034.0207. Online at: http://www.bioone.org/doi/10.2983/035.034.0207

Pritchard, C.E., R.N. Rimler, S. Rumrill, R.B. Emlet, R.B., and A.L. Shanks. 2016. Variation in Larval Supply and Recruitment of Ostrea lurida in the Coos Bay Estuary, Oregon, USA. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 560: 159-171.  doi: 10.3354/meps11894. Online at: https://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v560/p159-171/

Priest, G. R. 1995. Explanation of Mapping Methods and Use of the Tsunami Hazard Maps of the Oregon Coast, Oregon Department of Geology and Minerals Industries Open-File Report O-95-67. Online at: https://www.oregongeology.org/pubs/ofr/O-95-67.pdf

Quinn, B. 2004. Sea Otter’s Stay Raises Scientists’ Hopes. Oregonlive.com. Retrieved August 16, 2018 from http://archive.ecotrust.org/indigenous affairs/Seaottersstay.04.quinn.pdf

Rasmuson, L.K. 2015. The Influence of Behavior and Hydrodynamics on the Dispersal of Dungeness Crab, Cancer magister, Larvae. University of Oregon. 252 pp. Print. Online at: https://scholarsbank.uoregon.edu/xmlui/handle/1794/19671

Ream, R.R., J.T. Sterling, and T.R. Loughlin. 2005. Oceanographic Features Related to Northern Fur Seal Migratory Movements. Deep-Sea Research II. 52: 823-843. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2004.12.021. Online at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0967064505000111

Riemer, S.D., B.E. Wright, and R.F. Brown. 2011. Food Habits of Steller Sea Lions (Eumetopias jubatus) off Oregon and Northern California, 1986-2007. Fishery Bulletin. 109(4): 369-381. Online at: https://spo.nmfs.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/pdf-content/2011/1094/1094riemer.pdf

Robbins, W.G. 1984. Timber Town: Market Economics in Coos Bay, Oregon, 1850 to the Present. The Pacific Northwest Quarterly, 75(4): 146-155. Online at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/40490447

Rumrill, S.S. and V.K. Poulton. 2004. Ecological Role and Potential Impacts of Molluscan Shellfish Culture in the Estuarine Environment of Humboldt Bay, CA. Annual Report, Western Regional Aquatic Center. Online at: http://www.coastalwatersheds.ca.gov/portals/0/HumboldtBay/Monitor/docs/Fish_WRAC_shellfish1.pdf

Rumrill, S.S. 2005. The Ecology of the South Slough Estuary: Site Profile of the South Slough. South Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve. Charleston, Oregon. Online at: https://digital.osl.state.or.us/islandora/object/osl%3A14084/datastream/OBJ/view

Rumrill, S.S. and D.C. Sowers. 2008. Concurrent Assessment of Eelgrass Beds (Zostera marina) and Salt Marsh Communities along the Estuarine Gradient of the South Slough, Oregon. Journal of Coastal Research, SI(55), 121–134. West Palm Beach (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208. Online at: http://www.jcronline.org/doi/pdf/10.2112/SI55-016.1

Rumrill, SS. 2010. Up-Scaling to the Tidal Basin: Restoration of Riparian Areas, Salt Marshes, Eelgrass, and Native Oysters within the South Slough Estuary, Coos Bay, Oregon. South Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve. Online at: http://www.estuarypartnership.org/sites/default/files/Up-Scaling%20to%20the%20TIdal%20Basin-Restoration%20of%20Riparian%20Areas%2C%20Salt%20Marshes%2C%20Eelgrass%20and%20Oysters-Rumrill.pdf

Roffe, T.J. and B.R. Mate. 1984. Abundances and Feeding Habits of Pinnipeds in the Rogue River, Oregon. Journal of Wildlife Management. 48(4): 1262-1274. doi: 10.2307/3801787. Online at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3801787

Sanborn, E.I. and M.S. Doty. 1944. The Marine Algae of the Coos Bay-Cape Arago Region of Oregon. Oregon State Monographs; Studies in Botany Number 8. Published by Oregon State College Oregon State System of Higher Education Corvallis, Oregon. Online at: https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/downloads/x633f546z

Sato, C. L. 2018. Periodic Status Review for the Sea Otter in Washington. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, Washington. 23+iii pp. Online at: https://wdfw.wa.gov/publications/01965/wdfw01965.pdf

Shanks, A.L. (2013). Atmospheric Forcing Drives Recruitment Variation in the Dungeness crab (Cancer magister), revisited. Fisheries Oceanography. 22(4): 263-272. doi: 10.1111/fog.12020. Online at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/fog.12020

Shanks, A.L. and G.C. Roegner. 2007. Recruitment Limitation in Dungeness Crab Populations is Driven by Variation in Atmospheric Forcing. Ecology. 88(7): 1726-1737. doi: 10.1890/06-1003.1. Online at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1890/06-1003.1

Sherman, K., and L.A. DeBruyckere. 2018. Eelgrass Habitats on the U.S. West Coast. State of the Knowledge of Eelgrass Ecosystem Services and Eelgrass Extent. Pacific Marine and Estuarine Fish Habitat Partnership for The Nature Conservancy. 67pp. Online at: http://www.pacificfishhabitat.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/EelGrass_Report_Final_ForPrint_web.pdf

Slotta, L.S., C.K. Sollitt, D.A. Bella, D.H. Hancock, J.E. McCauley, and R. Parr. 1973. Final Report, Effects of Hopper Dredging and in Channel Spoiling in Coos Bay, Oregon. Oregon State University. National Science Foundation Grant GI-34346. Online at: https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1957/8439/Effects_Hopper.pdf;sequence=1

South Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve (SSNERR). 2017. South Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve Management Plan, 2017-2022, Coos County, Oregon. Oregon Department of State Lands and the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOS/OCRM Estuarine Reserves Division. Online at: https://www.oregon.gov/dsl/SS/Documents/SouthSloughReserve2017-2022ManagementPlan.pdf

Southwest Oregon Regional Airport (SORA). 2013. Master Plan Update, Chapter 2, Existing Conditions. Online at: http://cooscountyairportdistrict.com/files/uploads/2015/06/OTH_Chapter_2_Existing_Conditions.pdf

Stansell, R.J., K.M. Gibbons, and W.T. Nagy. 2011. Evaluation of Pinniped Predation on Adult Salmonids and other Fish in the Bonneville Dam Tailrace, 2008-2010. Army Corps of Engineers, Cascade locks, Oregon. Online at: https://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/publications/protected_species/marine_mammals/pinnipeds/sea_lion_removals/sec-120-corps-11-rpt.pdf

Stroud, R.K. and T.J. Roffe. 1979. Causes of Death in Marine Mammals Stranded Along the Oregon Coast. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 15: 91-97. doi: 10.7589/0090-3558-15.1.91. Online at: http://www.jwildlifedis.org/doi/pdf/10.7589/0090-3558-15.1.91

Suchanek, T.H., J.B. Geller, B.R. Kreiser, and J.B. Mitton. 1997. Zoogeographic Distributions of the Sibling Species Mytilus galloprovincialis and M. trossulus (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) and their Hybrids in the North Pacific. Biological Bulletin. 193(2): 187-194. Online at: https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/10.2307/1542764

Sutherland, D.A. and M.A. O’Neill. 2016. Hydrographic and Dissolved Oxygen Variability in a Seasonal Pacific Northwest Estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 172 (2016) 47-59. Online at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0272771416300427

Therriault, T.W., J.C. Nelson, J.T. Carlton, L. Liggan, M. Otani, H. Kawai, D. Scriven, G.M. Ruiz, and C. Clarke Murray. 2018. The Invasion Risk of Species Associated with Japanese Tsunami Marine Debris in Pacific North America and Hawaii. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 132(2018)82-89. Online at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025326X17310962?via%3Dihub

Thom, R. M., A.B. Borde, S. Rumrill, D.L. Woodruff, G.D., Williams, J.A. Southard, and S.L. Sargeant. 2003. Factors Influencing Spatial and Annual Variability in Eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) Meadows in Willapa Bay, Washington, and Coos Bay, Oregon, Estuaries. Estuaries, 26(48), 1117-1129. doi: 10.1007/BF02803368. Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/225723175_Factors_influencing_spatial_and_annual_variability_in_eelgrass_Zostera_marina_L_meadows_in_Willapa_Bay_Washington_and_Coos_Bay_Oregon_estuaries

Thom, R.M., S.L Southard, A.B. Borde, and P. Stoltz. 2008. Light Requirements for Growth and Survival of Eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) in Pacific Northwest (USA) Estuaries, Estuaries and Coasts, 31, 969-980. doi: 10.1007/s12237-008-9082-3. Online at: https://www.wsdot.wa.gov/research/reports/fullreports/706.1.pdf http://www.nays.org/

Thom, R., S.L. Southard, and A.B. Borde. 2014. Climate-linked Mechanisms Driving Spatial and Temporal Variation in Eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) Growth and Assemblage Structure in Pacific Northwest Estuaries, U.S.A. Journal of Coastal Research, 68, 1-11. doi: 10.2112/SI68-001.1. Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/278701734_Climate-linked_Mechanisms_Driving_Spatial_and_Temporal_Variation_in_Eelgrass_Zostera_marina_L_Growth_and_Assemblage_Structure_in_Pacific_Northwest_Estuaries_USA

Tollefson, R. and L.D. Marriage. 1950. Shellfish Investigation Progress Report No. 19, Proposed Dredging Operations in Coos Bay and their Probable Effect on Clam Populations. Online at: https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/technical_reports/5d86p095n

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). 1970. Environmental Statement, Coos Bay Oregon. Portland District. Online at: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=ien.35556031018732;view=1up;seq=1

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). 1975. Draft Supplement Environmental Impact Statement, Coos Bay, Oregon Deep Draft Navigation Project. Portland District.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). 1976. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Operation and Maintenance Dredging, Coos Bay and Coos and Millicoma Rivers Navigation Project, Oregon. Portland District.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). 1985. Environmental Assessment, Updating Coos Bay Channel Maintenance Dredging Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to Include Ocean Disposal. Portland District, Northwest Division.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). 2006. Memorandum for Commanders, Major Subordinate Commands, Assuring [sic] the Adequacy of Environmental Documentation for Construction Maintenance Dredging of Federal Navigation Projects. Director of Civil Works, Washington, D.C.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). 2008. Coos Bay North Jetty Interim Repair, Final Environmental Assessment. July. Portland District, Northwest Division.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). 1994. Coos Bay, Oregon Feasibility Report on Navigation Improvements with Environmental Impact Statement. Portland District, Northwest Division. Online at: https://books.google.com/books/download/Feasibility_Report_on_Navigation_Improve.pdf?id=htk0AQAAMAAJ&output=pdf&sig=ACfU3U1svM0qmPgcgOKbiE21w91ZrwAJ4Q

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). 2003. Currents of Change: A History of the Portland District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1980-2000. Online at: https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a627169.pdf

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE).2012. Offshore Disposal History at Coos Bay, M.D. Siipola. Portland District, Northwest Division.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE).2015. Environmental Assessment Coos Bay Maintenance Dredging. Portland District, Northwest Division. Online at: https://usace.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/api/collection/p16021coll7/id/2676/download

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). 2016. Re-initiation of Biological Assessment and Essential Fish Habitat Assessment For Maintenance Dredging At Oregon Coastal Projects, Updated Site Data, Project Modifications and Analysis of Effects on Designated Critical Habitat for the Southern Distinct Population Segment of Pacific Eulachon and Leatherback Sea Turtles. Portland District, Northwest Division.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). 2018. Coos Bay 2000-Present and Historical Dredging Data. Excel Spreadsheet Provided by K. Groth, Coos Bay Field Office, Portland District, Northwest Division.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). 2018a. Field Measurments, Sediment Tracer Study, and Numerical Modeling at Coos Bay Inlet, Oregon. ERCD/CHL TR-18-6. Online at: https://usace.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/p266001coll1/id/7758/

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2018. Unemployment Rate in Coos County, OR [ORCOOS1URN], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Online at: https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/ORCOOS1URN

U.S. Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS). 2018. North Bend/Coos Bay OR: Southwest Oregon Regional (OTH). Online at: https://www.transtats.bts.gov/airports.asp?pn=1&Airport=OTH&Airport_Name=North%20Bend/Coos%20Bay,%20OR:%20Southwest%20Oregon%20Regional&carrier=FACTS

U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. QuickFacts. Online at: Source: https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/northbendcityoregon,coosbaycityoregon,or,cooscountyoregon,US/POP010210

U.S. Census Bureau. 2015. Selected Economic Characteristics, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (Data Set DP03) for Coos County Oregon. Online at: https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=CF

U.S. Census Bureau. 2015. Poverty Thresholds: 2015. Online at: https://www.census.gov/data/tables/2015/demo/supplemental-poverty-measure/poverty-thresholds.html

U.S. Coast Guard and Geodetic Survey (USC&GS). 1937. Coos Bay Nautical Chart, Chart Number 5984, Plate No. 3741, United States - West Coast Oregon. Coast Guard and Geodetic Survey, Washington, D.C. Online at: https://historicalcharts.noaa.gov/historicals/preview/image/5984-2-1937

U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management (BLM). 2005. Final North Spit Plan, An Update to the Coos Bay Shorelands Plan of 1995. Umpqua Field Office, Coos Bay District. Online at: https://www.blm.gov/or/districts/coosbay/plans/files/North_Spit_Plan.pdf

U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management (BLM). 2016. Coos Bay District, Recreation Management Area Frameworks for the Coos Bay District. Online at: https://www.blm.gov/or/plans/rmpswesternoregon/files/rodrma/Coos_Bay_RMA.pdf

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). 1986. Dredged Material Disposal Site Designation Final Environmental Impact Statement, Coos Bay, Oregon. EPA-OR-860032-F. Online at: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi/91004W2P.PDF?Dockey=91004W2P.PDF

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). 2009. Classification of Regional Patterns of Environmental Drivers and Benthic Habitats in Pacific Northwest Estuaries. U.S. EPA, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Western Ecology Division. Online at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259576039_Classification_of_regional_patterns_of_environmental_drivers_and_benthic_habitats_in_Pacific_Northwest_Estuaries

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 1988. Species Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Pacific Northwest) – Pacific Oyster. Biological Report 82(11.85). TR EL-82-4. Online at: https://www.nwrc.usgs.gov/wdb/pub/species_profiles/82_11-085.pdf

U.S. Geological Service (USGS). 1963. Miocene Marine Mollusks from the Astoria Formation in Oregon. Geological Survey Professional Paper 419. Online at: https://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/0419/report.pdf

U.S. Geological Service (USGS). 2012. National Assessment of Shoreline Change: Historical Shoreline Change Along the Pacific Northwest Coast. Open File Report 2012-1007. Reston, VA. Online at: https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2012/1007/

Valdez, S.R., B. Peabody, B. Allen, B. Blake, and J.L. Ruesink. 2017. Experimental Test of Oyster Restoration Within Eelgrass. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 27(3): 578-587. doi: 10.1002/aqc.2722. Online at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/aqc.2722

Weise, M.J. 2006. Foraging Ecology of Male California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus): Movement, Diving and Foraging Behavior, and Diving Capacity. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Santa Cruz. 137 pp. Online at: https://escholarship.org/uc/item/27v3q0g4

Weise, M.J., D.P. Costa, and R.M. Kudela. 2006. Movement and Diving Behavior of Male California Sea Lion (Zalophus Californianus) During Anomalous Oceanographic Conditions of 2005 Compared to Those of 2004. Geophysical Research Letters. 33(L22S10): 1-6. doi: 10.1029/2006GL027113. Online at: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1029/2006GL027113

Wild, P.W. and R.N. Tasto. 1983. Life History, Environment, and Mariculture Studies of the Dungeness Crab, Cancer magister, With Emphasis on The Central California Fishery Resource. California Department of Fish and Game, Fish Bulletin 172. Online at: http://content.cdlib.org/view?docId=kt1k4001gs&brand=calisphere&doc.view=entire_text

Wiley, R.L. 2018. Species Composition and Baseline Mapping of Tidally-influenced Emergent Wetlands within the Coos Bay Estuary, Oregon. Good Ground, LLC.

Willingham, W.F. 1983. Army Engineers and the Development of Oregon: a History of the Portland District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Online at: https://cdm16021.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/p16021coll4/id/139/rec/2

Wilson, M.T. 1993. The Seasonal Movements and Abundance Dynamics of the Pacific Harbor Seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi). Unpublished M.S. thesis, University of Oregon. 90 pp. Online at: https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/36684863.pdf

Wright, B.E., S.D. Riemer, R.F. Brown, A.M. Ougzin, and K.A. Bucklin. 2007. Assessment of Harbor Seal Predation on Adult Salmonids in a Pacific Northwest Estuary. Ecological Applications, 17(2): 338-351. doi: 10.1890/05-1941. Online at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1890/05-1941

Yamada, S.B. and E.E. Peters. 1988. Harvest Management and the Growth and Condition of Submarket-Size Sea Mussels, Mytilus californianus. Aquaculture. 74: 293-299. Online at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0044848688903730

Younker, T. 2009. Coos Bay’s Oyster Industry, With a History of the Oyster in and Around Coos Bay. Unpublished document. Obtained via email from S. Groth on August 3, 2018.